Within several days, a coherent picture of the situation in the areas devastated by Typhoon Yolanda (international code name: Haiyan) which hit the Philippines on the 8th November 2013 has been produced by an international team of crisis management experts. The Situation Report published on the 13th November 2013 by the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs highlights the following with regard to the crisis:
– An estimated 11.5 million people are affected by Typhoon Haiyan; 544,600 people remain displaced.
– Trucks and fuel are urgently needed to deliver aid. Debris and logistics continue to severely constrain the delivery of humanitarian assistance.
– The Emergency Relief Coordinator visited the most affected areas of Tacloban City to take stock of the humanitarian situation.
– Transporting and distributing food, emergency shelter material, hygiene kits, body bags and establishing a family tracing service are urgently needed in Tacloban for the next days.
– The Haiyan Action Plan, launched on 12 November, is 13 per cent funded ($38 million).
The report includes an action plan that is estimated to require USD301 million in funding. The action plan lists three key Strategic Objectives (SOs) that are to be met for the execution of said plan to be considered a success:
SO1: Mortality, morbidity and malnutrition levels are brought to pre-typhoon levels within two months of the disaster.
SO2: Within one month, people targeted by this plan who were made homeless by the typhoon will have transitory shelter solutions.
SO3: Within four months, starting with immediate short-term employment, people with lost or reduced livelihoods targeted by this plan start to re-establish their livelihoods and regain self-reliance.
The funding estimate is allocated across the following critical areas that impact human wellbeing the most that need to be addressed, what are termed “Cluster Narratives” in the report:
|Agriculture – assist in resumption of farming and fishing activities||24,048,200|
|Camp Coordination and Camp Management – management of temporary accomodation for displaced people||5,500,000|
|Coordination – orchestration of all stakeholders at all government levels and across community sectors||2,627,537|
|Early Recovery – immediate debris-clearing activities, aimed at reducing threats to lives and health risks due to prolonged exposure to unsanitary environmental conditions, and making critical assistance and services available.||20,000,000|
|Education – restoration of education facilities and services||24,721,443|
|Emergency Shelter – development and implementation of emergency and durable shelter solutions||45,665,081|
|Emergency Telecommunications (ETC) – resume reliable and independent data and voice communications||3,244,537|
|Food Security – provide immediate life-saving and recovery assistance in the form of robust food distribution capability and livelihood||76,065,102|
|Health – establishment of temporary support facilities and supply line of essential medicines and care services||21,566,310|
|Livelihood – provide emergency employment opportunities and skill development programs||31,223,562|
|Logistics – assessment of transport and storage requirements (limited info makes estimate tentative for now)||5,000,000|
|Nutrition – mitigate risk of malnutrition amongst displaced and affected people||7,000,000|
|Protection – identification of people requiring specific needs||11,705,914|
|Security – further analysis required to establish order in the affected areas||497,810|
|Water Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) – implementation of measures to assure supply of water and other sanitation facilities and services||22,000,000|
The scope of the plan covers a six-month horizon from the 13th November 2013 through to the 31st May 2014 encompassing the affected municipalities of Regions VIII (Eastern Visayas), VI (Western Visayas) and VII (Central Visayas) are hardest hit. Regions IV-A (CALABARZON), IV-B (MIMAROPA), V (Bicol), X (Northern Mindanao), XI (Davao) and XIII (Caraga).
As this situation report and action plan has emerged as pretty much the only source of much-needed clarity and coherence surrounding this awful mess, perhaps it is about time that Filipinos re-evaluate the continued mandate of the current government to lead and administer this sad nation in this time of appalling suffering.
You can download the full report here.
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