Philippines: Stuck in reverse since Independence Day

A lot of Filipinos want to copy everything about the United States of America. From the form of government down to the style of music, Filipinos look to Uncle Sam for direction. For as long as everyone can remember, Filipinos have always viewed the home of our former colonizers as the land of milk and honey. Some even wish that the Philippines remained a U.S. state or territory rather than gained independence.

The U.S. is where everybody’s dreams can come true, as they say. But does that notion still apply to this day? If we are going to base it on the U.S. unemployment rate, the answer may be no. And unemployment is not the only problem facing the U.S. today. The rising unemployment rate is the result, it seems, of outdated policies mainly around key aspects of their foreign policy, economic policy and heath care policy. It looks like the America Filipinos have come to know is starting to crumble — a train wreck unfolding.

Not everyone knows that the key to longevity is to evolve. What works today or what used to work yesterday may not work tomorrow. Things change and if the society is unwilling to adapt to the changes, it will stagnate. And that is apparently what is happening to American society now. There are many Americans who are still in denial about America’s losing its grip on its influence on the rest of the world despite rising national debt and a currency in decline. And there are some Filipinos who are still under the illusion that we should emulate everything American. That thinking should be re-evaluated.

The Philippines is still an emerging society. We are in the best position to learn from other countries if only our policy makers are keen to take up this challenge. But if we are hell bent on copying the U.S., we should know which stars and which stripes we need and which ones we don’t need. To be exact, what we should do is to keep what is good and throw out what is bad about the American society we use as a role model. After all, America has been in the number one spot for a good reason. But something’s got to give with the way their policy makers are handling their situation. It seems as though the elite members of their society have sunk into a stupor.

Fareed Zakaria, in his essay in TIME magazine even blames too much democracy for putting U.S. politicians into a state of analysis paralysis. Here’s what he had to say:

It’s not that our democracy doesn’t work; it’s that it works only too well. American politics is now hyperresponsive to constituents’ interests. All those interests are dedicated to preserving the past rather than investing for the future.

I can’t help but see parallels with Philippine politics after reading that statement. Filipino politicians have always pandered to the masses. Hardly anyone wants to introduce unpopular legislation which could move the country forward but in the short-term could potentially upset the electorate. Politicians here and in the U.S. it seems cannot see beyond the next election.

How the West was won and lost

For a long time, the U.S. had been on the top spot in world ranking not just in terms of the economy but also in terms of innovation in technology, the arts and society. But globalization somehow leveled the playing field. Countries who nobody thought could rise above their dire circumstances are now playing their game.

I have read that there are five applications that other emerging countries have downloaded from America, which has helped them catch up really fast. To quote Harvard historian Niall Ferguson and author of the book, Civilization: The West and the Rest

“For 500 years the West patented six killer applications that set it apart. The first to download them was Japan. Over the last century, one Asian country after another has downloaded these killer apps–competition, modern science, the rule of law and private property rights, modern medicine, the consumer society and the work ethic. Those six things are the secret sauce of Western civilization.”

It is quite obvious that the Philippines had only downloaded one application from the West and that is consumerism. Consumerism has always presented a double-edged sword in any economy. While consumerism is seen to be a key ingredient in the recovery of the U.S. economy, consumerism had likewise contributed to the country’s economic decline.

Furthermore, consumers who lost their jobs in the 2008 financial crisis also lost their ability to pay for their debts. A lot of Americans are now drowning in debt along with the Federal Reserve whose quick fix is to keep pumping more dollars into circulation just to keep up appearances of everything being ok. To quote a commentator from CNBC news:

The U.S. is the largest debtor nation in the history of the world,” he said. “The debts are going through the roof. Would you keep lending money to somebody who’s spending money and not doing anything about it? No you wouldn’t.”

It would be a mistake if the Philippines tried to emulate the way the Americans had managed their economy. It has become apparent that “this too shall NOT pass” that quickly, to build upon the old saying. Americans it seems have lost their ability to pick themselves up and dust themselves off. How can the average American compete when the jobs are now offshore? There is not even a chance to showcase their so-called work ethic because they do not have any work to go to.

It was said that in the 1950s, the U.S. had a huge manufacturing base that provided jobs for millions of workers. Sadly, manufacturing is now just a small part of the economy because most of it had gone offshore. While in the Philippines, even though we never held any position of consequence as a manufacturing base in the past, our 1987 Constitution hinders us from taking one in the future because of its restriction on foreign ownership, which is why our economy has been stuck in reverse for decades.

Even in innovation, the U.S. is no longer a commanding lead in this area despite the strong sales of Apple products. Reports from two consulting firms that use hard measures such as spending on research, patents and venture funding as opposed to surveys find that the U.S. has dropped down to No. 8 and No. 6 respectively. The slide in ranking has got little to do with a lack of brilliant people and more to do with a lack of government funding. One of their biggest missteps is subsidizing consumption to pump up the economy without putting money in capability-building investments like education, science and technology. Countries like Germany, South Korea and China are doing the latter quite consciously to address their future.

U.S. form of government is unique to them

It is interesting to note that none of the countries in Asia that incorporated one form of Western approach or another into their own systems have actually applied America’s Presidential form of government — except for the Philippines. Unfortunately, when the Philippines copied the U.S. form of government, our forefathers didn’t really look into our own history, our own culture and how the electoral process will affect the outcome of the type of leaders we will likely end up with.

Like in my previous blog, what I’m trying to say is this: Western nations have a totally different culture. What works for them may not necessarily work for others. The American Presidential system, which the Philippines adopted, is one classic example of a system that simply does not work for our country and our culture because of our personality-based politics. Unfortunately, the electorate in the Philippines is too dumb to realize this, which is why we have been stuck with it since gaining our independence from the Americans.

Blogger Dindo Donato explained it well in his article, American Presidentialism is not applicable to the Philippines:

The presidential system of the United States is not applicable to the Philippines, because it arose out of a different setting and served a different purpose.

The American presidentialism arose out of the perception and judgment of their founding fathers that the colonies suffered from an abuse of the broad legislative and executive powers of the monarchy. Accordingly, upon the establishment of the United States of America independent of Britain, they purposely limited the power of the federal government, by separating the President from Congress, among other measures taken.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/separation_of_powers

In the Philippines, the problem was never about a strong and aggressive government. Rather, the problem has always been about a weak and timid government, unable or unwilling to promote the common good, whenever the people’s interests conflict with the vested interests of the entrenched oligarchy. It is observed that the oligarchy, comprised of a few closely knit and immensely affluent families, has managed to exert strong influence over the politics and economy of the country over the past seventy-five (75) years (since the 1935 Constitution). Thus, the premise and purpose of American presidentialism does not apply to the Philippines.

The blind and adulterated adoption of American presidentialism has only perpetuated the stranglehold of the oligarchy. Firstly, it weakens the capability of the government to enact and implement law reforms, because the President is separated from Congress, turning them against each other. Secondly, it weakens the capability of the common people to exercise representative democracy, because direct national elections (for President and the Senators) is inherently biased in favor of “rich” and “famous” candidates.

The revolutionaries who led the American Revolution in the 18th century were actually Americans rejecting the oligarchies common in aristocratic Europe at the time. Ironically, modern-day oligarchs are now controlling the U.S. economy today. U.S. mainstream media have been highly criticized for feeding the average American with propaganda in an effort to further mass-scale mind control. It could be that the reason why U.S. politicians are forced to pander too much to the electorate is because of the media, which chronicles and speculates on their every move. Unfortunately, the same thing is happening in the Philippines.

We don’t have to be stuck with a form of government that doesn’t work just because this is what our forefathers wanted us to have during their time. We need to look at what will work for us as a people and be open to the possibility of changing something even if it is too daunting a task. We need to constantly evolve otherwise our society will not grow.

Individuals need the government too

In my previous article, I discussed how Americans are proud individualists who want less government and more independent thought and action. They are of the belief that individualism is what made America great. However, it is my opinion that those who advocate for less government intervention like the members of the Tea Party movement are somewhat misguided. Of course they have a right to demonstrate against erroneous government policies but not all state intervention is wrong.

Indeed, the freedom to experiment and innovate is exactly what everyone needs. Unfortunately, the development of technological breakthroughs need huge amounts of government funding. Historically, every large-scale technological innovation in the U.S. received large-scale government assistance.

In his article about innovation, Fareed Zakaria emphasized the importance of government funding:

The ecosystem that encourages technological breakthroughs and their application does not develop in a vacuum. It requires great universities, vibrant companies that devote time and energy to research and — yes — large amounts of government funding. The latter may be a controversial topic in theory, but in practice, the rise of technology was clearly fueled by government. A multitude of technological innovations have been associated with the government, often with the military. Forget the steam engine (developed using cannon designs and technology) and take something as modern as the microchip. After it was invented in 1958 by Texas Instruments, the federal government bought virtually every microchip that firms could produce. [boldface added for emphasis]

The Breakthrough Institute reports in a paper that “NASA bought so many microchips that manufacturers were able to achieve huge improvements in the production process — so much so, in fact, that the price of the Apollo microchip fell from $1,000 per unit to between $20 and $30 per unit in the span of a couple years.” And then there is DARPA, the Defense Department’s venture-capital arm, which has had an astonishing string of successes, helping fund stealth technology, the beginnings of the global-positioning system and, most famously, the Internet.

In the rest of the world, the role of the state is not controversial. While Americans continue to debate whether government should have any role in fostering innovation, the fastest-growing economies are all busy using government policy to establish commanding leads in one industry after another. Google’s Schmidt points out that “the fact of the matter is, other countries are putting a lot more money into nurturing new industries than we are, and we are not going to win unless we do something like what they’re doing. South Korea is a classic example. Who would have thought that South Korea could become a major iron and steel and shipbuilding country in the world? But some 40 years ago, in their organized way, they decided those are the industries they were going to go after. And there is now increasing evidence that Chinese companies are beginning to do things that are innovative — often with government assistance.”

In other words, the proponents of less government wouldn’t even be complaining if the state intervention went to the right stuff. What they need to do is to rally the government to invest in their future.

In summary, the Philippines can learn a lot from the success and the failures of the U.S. The most important aspects of the U.S., which we as a people need to emulate, are the following:

1. Professional work ethic.
2. Abiding by the rule of law.
3. Investing in education, science, technology and infrastructure.
4. Opening up the economy.
5. Applying a form of government that will work.

It is the duty of every individual to demand change from our government where it is needed. We need to look beyond the U.S. to other countries and other societies that might offer alternative approaches to nation-building.

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Post Author: Ilda

In life, things are not always what they seem.

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60 Comments on "Philippines: Stuck in reverse since Independence Day"

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Trosp
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A long post I would say. To nitpick: “A lot of Filipinos want to copy everything about the United States of America. From the form of government down to the style of music, Filipinos look to Uncle Sam for direction. For as long as everyone can remember, Filipinos have always viewed the home of our former colonizers as the land of milk and honey.” Those are not true. The western style has been a universal one. Even in Chicom or Russia or even Islamic countries, they’re adapting it. US form of government is republican and ours is democratic event though… Read more »
benjamin f. cardinez
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it is an attribute of u.s. “exceptionalism” that every other nation on earth is “copying it”, but never equaled. thus, it is always the object of envy, anger, even hatred even though it is always in the forefront in matters of foreign aid, charity, resistance to unwarranted aggressions, response to disaster with financial, material and personnel assistance. more often than not, u.s. gets the lion share of financial responsibility in international organizations such as the u.n. and nato. and what does it get from it? the shaft, more often than not.

benjamin f. cardinez
Guest

ilda, perceived only by the original aggressors or tyrants and their followers, against whom the u.s. is fighting on the side of freedom and true democracy. how could some nations bite the hands of their protector? i think because they succumb to the false propaganda and inflammatory rhetoric of their real oppressors, who were thwarted in their evil designs

Dindo Donato
Guest
BenC, I acknowledge the concern or complaint that third world countries like the Philippines, impute motives of “imperialism” while at the same it gobbles up US aid. I will probably feel the same way if I were the US government. The imputation of motives is however not entirely baseless, sad to say. Based on human experience, I don’t believe anyone can truthfully claim that there is a such thing as a pure altruist state or government, such as the United States of America. All states are comprised of people. And when you have people, then it follows based on experience,… Read more »
benign0
Admin

Trouble is, Pinoys are bad copycats. We copy the capsule but not the payload…

jo
Guest

My comment in all of these discussions is very simple. Just read your Bible and you will know why it is happening now. It says; everything will come to an end and what we see now is just the signs of the beginning of the end. Before the world comes to an end, there will be great famines and great tribulations will be experienced.The unfathomable events in our world like global crises will be seen and clearly understood in the foretold of the bible. Hope, you will get something from this..

nieves godinez
Guest

“US unemployment is caused by Obama policies!” An incredibly ignorant statement, where the hell do you hail from?

Dindo Donato
Guest
Trosp, let me share my inputs. Both the US and the Philippines have republican and democratic elements. Thus, in the biparty system, one party is called Republican, and the other party Democratic. Republican means that government is by means of “representatives” or by elected representatives. Democratic means that government is by direct action of the people, i.e. when the constitution requires a plebiscite or referendum for the approval of certain actions. If I’m not mistaken, it’s I think in Switzerland where so many government actions are done by direct democracy. Nonetheless, they still have government representatives because the people themselves… Read more »
Orion
Member

Superb article, Ilda! 🙂

Hyden Toro
Guest

“What may be food to you; can be poison to me”; stated a good friend of mine. We imitated everything from the Americans; including their mistakes…we have different culture and social hierarchies…we have Feudalism…America had slavery…America had also expanded itself, thru its belief of “Manifest Destiny”…other words, for Imperialsm. America has US $12 Trillion Debt, at present…
If you look at history; Empires come and go…some thru invasion; but mostly by Rot within…
The Philippines is rotten to the core; and that is what our political leaders cannot see, or refuse to see…

MKDL Studios
Guest

I think Japan, Germany, and Spain, although they were viewed as “enemies” in our past history (Japan and Germany as the Axis Powers of the Second World War; Spain as our former colonizer), they’ve got a government more efficient that the United States.

Today’s generation of those people have gotten over and learned from the transgressions that have tarnished the reputation of their civilizations.

Br0man17
Guest
Efficiency depends on the size of the country, the only reason why their government works because of their small land mass and population whereas the US is formed by separate states including the influx of immigrants and current residence in the US. Now here is the thing, if the US were to adopt a government that is similar to Japan or Germany, it would not be sufficient. The uses a form of constitutional government which incorporates political parties that control government action, however these actions are determined by representative democracy. Although government in those countries may be better, the US… Read more »
anon
Guest

Since the days when the country was regarded as a rising star, it has gone through periods as problem child, cash cow, lame duck, and now basket case.

Innovators were replaced by dictators and plunderers and now incompetents.

Companies would rather divest than invest.

The country operates as a fiefdom without freedom

Without competition monopolies thrive whilst creativity dies

Independence has been replaced by co-dependence and democracy has given way to autocracy.

steal and copy. always taking the short term easiedt route and holding out the begging bowl without and sense of failure that it cannot manage its own affairs

benign0
Admin

In short, it’s just a human cesspool today. A place that at best gets routinely overlooked and at worst gets stepped on by others on the way towards some place more attractive.

Joe America
Guest
Very provoking article. I’ll have more comment later, but I think you assume the US WANTS to be top dog globally, as a power monger. I personally am tired of it, for it is costly, as Secretary of Defense Gates points out in slapping NATO upside the head (the US funds 70% of a great deal of incompetency, as shown in the unharmonious and poorly led NATO effort in Libya). As in World War I and II, the US gets dragged in reluctantly then uses its productive and military might to right great wrongs, and because no one else has… Read more »
Joe America
Guest
On your main point, the Philippines ought not to try to replicate US governance, I agree 100%. It is none of my foreign business, but I personally muse that the Philippines could use a corporate structure, one step short of dictator, where the Board of Directors (Senate, sans House) advises and has the capacity to overrule, but the executive office is given great latitude to act. The Philippines needs to act. It does not need to get sucked into the worst of American governance, bitter backbiting debate that disregards public well-being and arrives at an unfortunate lock-down paralysis on critical… Read more »
benjamin f. cardinez
Guest
@joe america. i’m not about ready to write a requiem to america anytime soon. let’s just say america is in the “valley” right now but will begin to climb to its peak again come november 2012, when it will have an opportunity to reclaim its glitter as the “shining city on the hill”. we cannot persist with failed ideas that have been proven wrong again and again, all over the world. even marx realized towards the end of his life that his ideas of collectivism and wealth redistribution were flawed and bound to fail. he overlooked the fact that man… Read more »
Joe America
Guest

agreed, Ben, although it was excessive free market capitalism that helped bring the US to its economic knees, via unregulated financial instruments and poor risk assessment tied to mortgages. So too much of anything is a bad idea.

benign0
Admin
Wasn’t the U.S. in a similar situation back in the 70’s and 90’s? Back then, as I recall, it was Japan that was rising as its main challenger to the top spot. The U.S. auto industry was under threat from the Japanese juggernaut at the time which was clobbering it in both quality and price. But then the U.S., as it always does, innovated its way out of the bind and got its cars back in fighting form and back up to the challenge of competing with Japan. It also went on to blaze trails again in tech and science.… Read more »
Benjamin F. Cardinez
Guest
i can’t agree with you more, benigno. there are some in the world today who are salivating at the prospect of america’s decline and fall. a power like america can only be destroyed from within, when its people abandon the ideals that made it so. contrary to what you hinted at (“averse to change”), americans are not afraid to try and experiment even to the extent of entrusting its leadership to untested and inexperienced candidates with questionable ideology. but once confronted with proof of their mistake, rectifying it is not so hard for americans to do. contrast that with filipinos… Read more »
jack
Guest

America was destroyed from within. The W. Bush administration should be held responsible.

Dindo Donato
Guest
Joe America, glad to see that your input of the form of government appears to be in the same direction as ours. The only difference is that while your input has a small group (i.e. senate) as the oversight, our advocacy has a bigger group (i.e. house) as the oversight. Simply put, our advocacy is for parliamentary system. It is structurally stronger because executive and legislative powers are fused in one body. The chief executive has no choice but to implement what the bigger body wants. Otherwise, the chief executive will be out of a job (i.e. vote of no… Read more »
anon
Guest
“integrity is the entry ticket to business and politics – if you dont have it in your bones, then you shouldn’t be allowed on the field” Jack welch ceo general I tell my clients – listen carefully to pre-empt problems, think creatively to generate solutions, communicate effectively to engender support, act decisively to prevent escalation implement effectively to achieve results promote the champions, sack the lemons Such principles and practices would appear to be absent in the current administration which demonstrates little understanding of the concepts of quality management, continuous improvement, creative problem solving, customer service and mass communications Some… Read more »
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Du Hasst Mesh
Guest

Brilliant! I applaud you, madame.

While I do deplore commenting and not adding information of value, I must express my approval of this article. It seems like this should be the frontpage of any form of media. Okay, I’m exaggerating for a bit, but only because it’s true. 🙂

jet
Guest

Excellent! can i share this in Facebook? i hope wouldn’t mind.

Allan
Guest
@Trosp “US unemployment rate is caused by Obama’s policy so ours should be a different one. Not unless you want to attribute it to Penoy’s governance.” There’s a precedence why the US unemployment rate is high, prior to Obama’s term US is already going to recession because of the childish GW Bush, infairness to Obama. There’s no such thing as a full-proof system or form of gov’t. In my point of view, the main problem of the PHL is the Filipinos itself. Whatever form or system of Gov’t. that PHL will adopt will not work if the Filipinos will not… Read more »
Dindo Donato
Guest
Allan, you are right in that system change by itself will do no good, if there is no corresponding culture change in the people. Both must be done. There are however certain changes in the system which also help in causing changes in attitudes, mindsets and culture. This is what we see as “systemic change” in the process of electing public officials. In this alternative way of electing national goverment officials, which in essence is the parliamentary way, we believe we have a better chance of screening those who would otherwise win out of sheer popularity even without any track… Read more »
uggs
Guest

Hello, i believe that i noticed you visited my website so i got here to go back the favor?.I’m trying to to find issues to enhance my web site!I guess its ok to make use of some of your concepts!!

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[…] from them without adapting them to our own situation; it has never worked for us. We’ve been stuck in reverse as a […]

lighthouse
Guest

Great article Ilda! Hindi ko pinapalampas ang mga articles mo. Sana mabasa ito ng mas maramihang tao. Lalo na yon mga tao sa Pinas.

lighthouse
Guest

Definitely the power is shifting somewhere.