Discretionary power over public funds: How much pork does a Philippine president really need?

The raging controversy surrounding pork barrel thievery in Congress and MalacaƱang highlights just how weak a state the Philippines is. It is weak because its people rely on “strong leadership” as a proxy to what should be a grassroots bottom-up approach to applying what, by now, should be a deeply-ingrained sense of civic duty. Instead […]