The new Gwei Lo: China’s preposterous ‘nine-dotted line’ South China Sea claim


Gwei (鬼) means “ghost”. A lo (佬) is a regular guy, a chap or a bloke.  The term is a reference to skin color, as white skin is associated with ghosts. The term is sometimes translated into English as foreign devil. The term arose in the 16th century when European sailors appeared in southern China as they were associated with barbarians. Historically, Chinese people had the image of its borders continuously breached by “uncivilized tribes”. (Wikipedia)

Fast forward to the present. At a time when humankind is supposed to be more evolved and only the lowest of the low-life persist in imposing themselves on others through the barrel of a gun, a new gwei lo has emerged on the world stage, pushing its weight around like a school yard bully preying on the most vulnerable that have no means or wherewithal to fight back.

No, I’m not talking about ISIS and their unspeakable acts of barbarism. At least ISIS has no pretensions. What you see is what you get–a pathetic clique of Islamic misfits with a gargantuan persecution complex wielding guns and rocket-propelled grenades . . . because they can’t function in the real world.

I’m talking about the People’s Republic of China, whose recent meteoric rise in economic status has led to the resurgence of a highly presumptuous and downright preposterous territorial claim, known as the “nine-dotted line” and illustrated in the following map.

China's 2009 Nine-Dotted Line Map Submission to the United Nations
China’s 2009 Nine-Dotted Line Map Submission to the United Nations

The above map is the second page of a two-page document. The first page is a text addressed to the UN Secretary General, stating China’s sovereignty claim to the “islands in the South China Sea and the adjacent waters”. Click the following link to view the two-page document: China’s 2009 Nine-Dotted Line Map Submission to the United Nations. (Wikipedia)]

The nine-dotted line was originally an eleven-dotted-line first shown on a map published by the Kuomintang government of the Republic of China (1912–1949) in December 1947 to justify its claims in the South China Sea. After the Communist Party of China took over mainland China and formed the People’s Republic of China in 1949, the line was adopted and revised to nine as endorsed by Zhou Enlai. (Wikipedia) In short, it is what it is because China says so. British journalist, Bill Hayton, describes it as “collective hallucination“.

I suppose Greece could submit to the UN the following territorial map at the height of the Greek Empire and claim the said territory today.

greek empire

Italy could also submit to the UN the following territorial map at the height of the Roman Empire and claim the said territory today.

roman empire

Heck, Mongolia could submit to the UN the following territorial map at the height of the Mongol Empire and claim the said territory today.

mongol empire

Of course, Greece, Italy and Mongolia wouldn’t bother with such antics, considered unacceptable (indeed uncivilized) by today’s international conventions. In contrast, China, the new gwei lo (鬼佬), is unabashedly brandishing its brand of neo-barbarism by fist-pounding on the nine-dotted line, particularly towards certain ASEAN countries (not the least of which is the Philippines) that have legitimate claims under the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS, to which China is a signatory) but are virtually defenseless against the military might of China.


The above map provides a snapshot of the South China Sea Dispute. Even in the absence of any explanation, one can objectively decipher that China’s nine-dotted line claim is overreaching and way beyond the realm of reason, equity and good faith. For a brief discussion on the matter, click on the following link: South China Sea Dispute

Adding insult to injury, China, like the shameless gwei lo bully that it is, has gone on the offensive, repeatedly broadcasting its baseless and illegal claims like a Communist-party slogan on a broken record while aggressively reclaiming environmentally sensitive reefs in the absence of anymeaningful military opposition from the countries that have sovereign rights over the area. For more information, click on the following link: Asia Maritime Transparency Initiative.

This map shows the major outposts and facilities in the Spratly Islands. The four operational airfields at Swallow Reef (Malaysia), Itu Aba (Taiwan), Thitu Island (Philippines) and Spratly Island (Vietnam) are indicated. China is in the process of constructing a fifth airstrip on the reclaimed land atop Fiery Cross reef. The yellow dots indicate reefs that China has reclaimed or begun to reclaim: Fiery Cross, Cuarteron, Hughes, Johnson South, Mischief, Eldad, Gaven and Subi. It is notable that all eight of these reclaimed reefs fall within the claims of the Philippines. (Asia Maritime Transparency Initiative)
This map shows the major outposts and facilities in the Spratly Islands. The four operational airfields at Swallow Reef (Malaysia), Itu Aba (Taiwan), Thitu Island (Philippines) and Spratly Island (Vietnam) are indicated. China is in the process of constructing a fifth airstrip on the reclaimed land atop Fiery Cross reef. The yellow dots indicate reefs that China has reclaimed or begun to reclaim: Fiery Cross, Cuarteron, Hughes, Johnson South, Mischief, Eldad, Gaven and Subi. It is notable that all eight of these reclaimed reefs fall within the claims of the Philippines. (Asia Maritime Transparency Initiative)

In a nutshell, China’s offensive, particularly against the Philippines, can only be described as the mighty gwei lo‘s territorial rape and pillage of the defenseless (like a child preyed upon, traumatized and destroyed by a pedophile), as the rest of the world observes with indifference for fear of disrupting their economic ties with the all-powerful nouveau riche gwei lo.

Finally, just to drive the point home that China can have its way with the Philippines any time of day, China’s Coast Guard vessels which now maintain a presence in the Spratly Islands take every opportunity to harass Filipino fishermen and military personnel within the Philippines’ Exclusive Economic Zone. Imagine, the temerity of this gwei lo invader to intimidate Filipinos within the sovereign zone of the Philippines, and then to denounce the Philippines as a “pathetic cry baby” for filing a case against China with the United Nations–the only civilized course of action under international law and unfortunately the only course of action of a militarily inept country like the Philippines–readPMA stands for Philippine Magnanakaw Academy.

Let’s face it. The chips are stacked against the Philippines (the term is monumentally screwed), particularly as China is wasting no time in building a massive and permanent military presence within Philippine areas in the South China Sea, in the guise of fulfilling “international responsibilities and expectations of the international community”. In fact, the South China Sea is now governed by the simple rules of the new gwei lo goons in town: (1)  “Political power grows out of the barrel of agun.” (Mao Zedong) and (2) “He who has thegold makes the rules.” In the end, China will have military control over one of the most important shipping lanes in the world, threaten massive volumes of regional and global trade and exploit abundant natural resources it does not rightfully own. Fair warning to all the apathetic nations out there . . . Today, the Philippines is first in line to be force-fed the rotten staple of the new Sinocentric Hegemonic World Order. Tomorrow, it’s the turn of the rest of the world.


What to do when a militarily inept country like the Philippines or, for that matter, any ASEAN country cannot confront China militarily and, therefore, cannot secure their own territorial waters from the likes of the new gwei lo?

The private sector throughout ASEAN should organize, train and equip a band of well-paid special forces that will raid the reclamation activities of China within their respective UNCLOS 200 nautical mile Exclusive Economic Zones. Each mission objective would be idiot proof: OBLITERATE THE GWEI LO . . . then withdraw, Vietcong guerrilla style–an appropriate response that might actually be understood by the barbaric gwei lo. Because it’s not sanctioned by any of the ASEAN governments, which individually (or even collectively) cannot possibly engage China in a frontal military campaign (and expect to be victorious), then China cannot declare war on any of the ASEAN countries. These raids would be sustained indefinitely until China complies with UNCLOS. A violent tit for every gwei lo tat.

Click on the following links to view the Philippine government documentaries on the South China Sea dispute, the first of which was aired on June 12, 2015 (Philippine Independence Day):

Episode 1
Episode 2


Post Author: Virtual Vigilante

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15 Comments on "The new Gwei Lo: China’s preposterous ‘nine-dotted line’ South China Sea claim"

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um … WHAT “private sector” are we talking about here, VV? S.E. Asia has no functioning business community to speak of, apart from the oligarchy (who are, in effect, the government).

The key word in your post is ‘inept’. Never mind militarily inept; Most of S.E. Asia can barely keep its tricycles functioning, never mind equip an armed force to kick back against China. The Chinese are invading because they can. This is what happens when an entire country sits around for 50 years to piss and moan about the Spaniards.

Virtual Vigilante
Marius, for starters, the likes of Danding Cojuangco, who had a private army trained by Israeli commando mercenaries; the heirs of Marcos, who still have most of their ill-gotten wealth stashed away; the Salim Group of Indonesia cum super-crony of Suharto; the heirs of Suharto themselves, who have even more ill-gotten wealth stashed away than the Marcos heirs . . . to name a few. Any one of these oligarchs could easily finance and sustain an elite team of commandos to blow these gwei los into smithereens . . . and it’s a small price to pay for all they’ve… Read more »

Absolutely. But that was sort of my point. The only competent people in the country are the oligarchs. Yes, they can raise a feudal army: excellent for keeping the plebs under the boot. Against the Chinese military – even with guerrilla tactics? Not a hope in hell.

I have no fondness for the Chinese, but what’s happening was inevitable: the Philippines spits and swears at those dirty old American soldiers – get those foreigners out! – but is completely powerless to deal with any genuine foreign threat.

Ebola Ray

It is called ‘unconsciously crapping in your own rice-bowl’ ,and Filipino’s seem to be very good at it.

Ebola Ray
WAY 2 GO, Virtual One !!!! it is the exact plan of the ‘Guerilla’ who knows he can not defeat the enemy in a legitimate battle-field, and so wages an ‘attack’ and ‘withdraw’ strategy to do as much structural damage to the plans of the ‘Gwen-Lo’ as possible without starting a war. To any one captured during one of these raids a cyanide capsule to be eaten, rather than be mercilessly tortured, then executed. A plan like this ,to stop the delusional Chinese claims of borders long ago extinct, needs secrecy in planning and people with balls of steel. GOOD… Read more »

Always keep your foes confused. If they are never certain who you are or what you want, they cannot know what you are like to do next.

It is the Fault of the Aquino government that this “Gwei Lo”, or whatever you call it; is being tried on Philippine territories. China has felt that Aquino is a WEAK LEADER, on his behavior during the Chinese tourist massacre in Luneta . He was nowhere to be seen, in that crisis. Second, Aquino used the money for the AFP Modernization on his : PORK BARREL BRIBERY, DAP, PDAF,etc.. AFP cannot fight with World War I battleships, and World War II fighter planes… Complete reliance on the U.S. , to protect us; while they drove away the Americans from their… Read more »
Ebola Ray

The actions of the Filipino, all along, are the mark of a confused yet indignant teenager bent on determining his identity.(Example:Complete reliance on the USA military and then sending them packing as if they were not needed.WHAT ? Ridiculous ,self-defeating actions such as these are the actions of a child that does not know what is best for him.) And then coming up a bit short due to his own short-comings.
Reap what it is you shall sow.


Here’s my ultimate solution in order to end the Chinese aggression in West Philippine Sea:

1. Let’s clone Genghis Khan, aka The Butcher of China.
2. Rody Duterte should become our country’s next president.
3. All of the above.

You are right, these two principles, which remain ingrained in the subconscious of an average Mainland Chinese, are the toxins that does not allow them to have a worldview as the rest: 1) “Political power grows out of the barrel of a gun.” (Mao Zedong) and 2) “He who has the gold makes the rules.” It makes “life, liberty and pursuit of happiness” a hazy proposition, and thus, they could not fully appreciate that in a market economy, decisions about production and consumption are really made by individual producers and consumers, and that out of the chaos there is an… Read more »

How can we earn respect; if Aquino, himself, dived into his “Hole”, during the Chinese tourists Luneta standoff/massacre? He was nowhere to be seen… However, to show , he is control: he bullies/bribes his opponents…

Ebola Ray
@ HT, IDK what you were doing that day, but I was there and so was Benigno Aquino 3. He, along w/Alfred Lim , mayor of Manila at the time, went for a dinner break when the hostage taker freaked out about his brother being man-handled by the cops and the idiotic Filipino SWAT TEAM then stormed the bus,unsuccessfully….and the guy was able to throw the grenades back out of the bus and then had time to shoot the hostages. The SWAT team did not even have enough knowledge as to how to open a locked bus door from the… Read more »

@Ebola Ray:

Okay, whether Aquino was there or was not there, does not matter. If he was there,he would had prevented that Chinese tourist massacre…why did he not lift a finger to do it? Is he too incompetent, to handle the situation?

It is just an insane Policeman, he is dealing with, at that time. Those SWAT Team would had just thrown in some stun grenades…or drilled a hole on the bus; and put some gas that would make the insane Policeman loss consciousness.

But …No… they feasted on the nearby restaurant. while people were being murdered. How stupid can you get?

Doesn’t really matter whether talks continue. China just uses their weak historical claim as a gambit. While we obsess over the weakness of the Chinese claim, their military hardware is already being constructed. By the time we realize we’d been duped, the Chinese air force and navy are already breathing down our necks. Fuck the talks and actually do something. China wont risk a war, she’s too smart for that. China would lose far more important stuff than the islands when it actually raises its finger. Hell, the AFP can just build a simple garage and throw in a few… Read more »

The Phil is surrounded by water inside out and we don’t even have a submarine to defend our waters. Just 2 2nd hand ships ? And some rubber boats. What can you expect. Then we are proud enough to kick out the only ally who had the muscle to defend us. It’s called lack of foresight or. Just plain old fashioned stupid thinking. We deserve the shithole we got ourselves into. Cry like a baby all you want- that’s the only thing you’re really good at : “save me!!!!”